If there's one thing the pandemic has taught me, it's that we have some work to do in elementary and high school science classes. This is the only science most people ever learn, and we can apparently leave school with some important gaps in our knowledge.

I've been surprised to learn that lots of people not only don't understand basic science, they don't even know what science is. Hence the outrage when scientists change their recommendations when new evidence emerges. That's not a cue for "the scientists lied to us"! That's the scientists doing what scientists do - working with the evidence at hand, and responding to new evidence as it becomes available.

But if I had to pick one science topic to start this improvement process, it would be "how vaccines work". I'd like everyone to know that vaccines work at a population level, not at an individual level.

Vaccines are not like umbrellas, protecting the holder and leaving everyone else out in the rain.

A vaccine program is like an infantry square, where the virus is the charging cavalry.


Or a muskox defensive ring, where the virus is a pack of wolves.

Like these two examples, a vaccine program relies on enough people doing their part. Individual infantrymen or muskox participate in the defense of all. If a few muskox or a few soldiers decide to shirk their responsibilities, the whole formation is waay less effective.

Muskox calves or wounded soldiers, who are truly unable to help with the defense, are protected by the ring around them.

The many who are able can protect the few who are not. But none of these things – infantry squares, muskox circles, or vaccine programs – can work the other way around.

Join the square. Join the circle. Be part of the solution.


There are lots of people in the Town of Banff who are carefully mulling over their voting decision for the upcoming provincial election. I'm making no secret of my preference! I'm working hard to re-elect Cam Westhead, who - IMHO - has been an outstanding representative for the Bow Valley.

But lots of you are legitimately undecided and trying to figure out your best choice. The best way to do that is to see the candidates in action. Head to the All-Candidates' Forum, at the BPL, April 8 at 7 pm.

And huge kudos to the Banff Lake Louise Hospitality Association for putting this on. These folks have been really community-minded in giving Banff this opportunity to listen to and question their candidates in person.

I've been helping Bow Valley Regional Housing with some of their communications work, and today was a highlight! Alberta Minister of Seniors and Housing Lori Sigurdson, along with our MLA Cam Westhead, CMHC rep Elena Salikhov, elected reps from the partner municipalities and resident representative Hilda Slavin were in festive mood as they cut the ribbon on 63 beautiful new units of seniors' housing. This is Phase One, and Phase Two (60 more units, with a focus on level 4 care) should start this summer.

Municipal elections are coming up fast!

Our democracy is best served when a range of candidates, with a range of ideas, present themselves to the voters for their consideration. There's no "political class" in Banff. If you are engaged in our community, if you have ideas about how to make it better, if you are willing to put those ideas out there, you can be a candidate. Information on the technicalities of running can be found here:

If you're not able to be a candidate, find a candidate or two that you can support and get behind. Encourage them, volunteer for them, help them with their campaigns.

Voting is the absolute minimum responsibility of a citizen. Take it up a notch or two!!

I've been following with interest the Calgary Southway controversy: Mayor Nenshi's decision to take public engagement for this process online, and to stop the open houses. It's unfortunate, but I can understand why the City of Calgary has made this decision. It seems that some people are unwilling to express concerns and disagreement about a project without personal attacks. I observe that sometimes people who are uncomfortable with confrontation (and there are many such people) have to work themselves into a rage just to get past their discomfort and be able to express disagreement. This leads to unproductive situations.

So here are a few hints on how to effectively provide feedback on a municipal plan or proposal with which you may disagree:

1. Make sure you have the facts. Don't try to get them from Letters to the Editor. Do your research, look at drawings, read proposals, understand applicable bylaws. If this seems daunting, do it with a group - each take a part of the research and share your results with each other. Ask questions of administration about points you don't understand from your research: "Please show me where in the bylaw this is permitted?" "Where will the four corners of this building be?" "What are the safety regulations for this playground?" "Where is the legal road allowance on the survey?"

2. Decide on what you like and what concerns you about what you've learned. Make notes on these key points. Don't bother with anything that is retroactive -- not liking something that is allowed in a bylaw won't make that bylaw inapplicable to this project. By all means, lobby to get it changed in the future, but bylaws that are in place today govern today's projects.

3. Decide what would have to change about the proposal to make it acceptable to you. Frame these concerns in the form of questions to be solved working together: "How could we mitigate the traffic flows?" "How can we ensure that litter from the site is appropriately handled?" "How can we protect view lines?"

4. Go to open houses or online feedback sessions with these questions, or contact your councillor(s) or mayor and ask them how to work together to solve the issues.

5. If, after all that, you don't get the outcome you want, don't say "They didn't listen", unless they really didn't! Perhaps they listened, but they didn't agree. That's different.

6. Take it up a level. The time to express your concerns about a development is NOT just before the shovels go into the ground. Pay attention when your community is revising its community master plan or transportation master plan or land use bylaw. Look at the sections that will affect you in the future, even the distant future, and lobby for the changes you'd like to see. Getting involved and staying involved in the planning and regulation of your community is an effective way to make sure your voice is heard.

7. Take it up two levels. If you don't see your point of view represented on your local council, then it's up to you to get it to the table. Find a candidate who is of like mind, and support him/her actively. Or BE a candidate. Being an elected decision-maker, at the council table, is THE most effective way to make sure your voice is heard.